MTP kit is a medical termination of pregnancy kit that means it is used to terminate unwanted pregnancy of maximum 49 days. Abortion can be done in two ways: medical and non surgical- which is done by taking pill only.
Surgical method- for which woman has to be hospitalized and get operated.
Mtp kit is used when women prefer first method for ending her pregnancy. MTP kit comprises of two generic medicaments; Mifepristone and Misoprostol. Both the medicines perform their best while doing abortion. MTP is also being first choice of doctors and users because its quality has been approved by FDA.
Mifepristone acts in a direction of anti-progesterone drug. It obstructs pregnancy supporting functions of progesterone. Progesterone helps in maintaining uterine lining which is required for fetus growth. It also helps in providing nutrition to growing fetus. As mifepristone hinders its functions it binds to progesterone receptor so that less amount of progesterone is available to show its activity. In the absence of progesterone endometrium lining began to diffuse thus growth of fetus cease that results in death of fetus.
Misoprostol augments abortion by stimulating contractions of womb to dislodge dead tissues contents from it.
One pill of mifepristone (200mg) is taken orally while starting abortion process. Rest four tablets of misoprostol (200mcg) have been taken orally or intravaginally within 24-48 hours of administration of mifepristone. Bleeding starts with in few hours. After 14 days, visit to doctor for clinical examinations. For confirmation that no pregnancy tissue is remaining in body, ultrasound should be done.
§ Not to use MTP kit in case or oversensitivity to mifepristone or misoprostol.
§ Uplifting of heavy materials can be harmful, so avoid this.
§ If the pregnancy is of more than 83 days MTP kit should not be used. If you use intra uterine device, remove that before using MTP kit.
§ Take a diet full of nutrients and avoid alcohol intake after abortion.
§ Maintain distance from sexual activities.
§ Patients with bleeding disorders, anemia, kidney or liver disease should not use MTP kit.
Unwanted effects of MTP kit includes Nausea, vomiting, fever, shivering, uterine infections, tiredness, drowsiness, weakness, diarrhoea, stomach acne, lower back pain, anxiety, abdominal pain, heavy bleeding with clots.
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